A Caucasian & a Negro Swordsman Fighting
Vercelli, Italy, about 1040

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An extract from Court Records and Cartoons by Peter Koch pp414-415 in Historical Dialogue Analysis edited by Andreas H. Jucker, Gerd Fritz, Franz Lebsanft, 1999.
Vercelli (Piemont); about 1040 (Mosaic from the church of S. Maria Maggiore)
This portrays two fighters duelling with shields and swords. The utterances they shout at each other are reproduced in written form: fol! 'idiot' on the lefthand edge of the picture and fel! 'villain' on the righthand.
Picture Source: Getty.


See a similar compositon in Two infantry fighting, Casale Monferrato, Italy, mid-11th to early 12th century
Early Andalusian Infantrymen, in Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 by Ian Heath, based on the mosaic from S. Maria Maggiore, Vercelli
Negro Soldiers, 12th-13th centuries, in Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 by Ian Heath, based on the mosaic from S. Maria Maggiore, Vercelli
11th century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers