Illustrations of Anglo-Saxons in
British Library, MS Cotton Claudius B IV
Ælfric's Hexateuch
An Old English translation of the first six books of the Old Testament

Genesis 14:8-12 The Army of the Four Kings defeats the Army of the Five Kings
Genesis 14:13-14 Abram Pursued the Four Kings All the Way to Dan
Genesis 14:15 Abram Attacks the Four Kings by Night
Genesis 14:15-16 Abram Routs & Pursues the Four Kings and Rescues Lot
Genesis 14:17-20 Melchizedek Blesses Abram
Genesis 15:8-9 God's Covenant with Abram
Genesis 20:1-2 Abraham and Abimelech
Genesis 21:20-21 Ishmael became a skillful hunter
Genesis 21:32 Abimelech & Phicol return to Philistia
Genesis 27:1-9 Esau Sent Hunting
Genesis 42 Joseph's Brothers Go to Egypt to Buy Grain
Genesis 43:26-34 The Brothers Bow to Joseph / The Feast
Genesis 45:25-28 Joseph's Brothers Return to Jacob
Genesis 47:7-10 Joseph Presents Jacob to Pharaoh
Exodus 14:5-8 Pharaoh Decides to Pursue Israel
Exodus 14:6-9 Pharaoh's Army Pursues the Israelites
Exodus 17:8-13 Amalek Attacks Israel and Is Defeated
Numbers 36:1-4 Marriage of Female Heirs An example of a partially finished illumination
Joshua 2:15-16 The Spies Escape from Jericho


Date: 2nd quarter of the 11th century-2nd half of the 12th century
Title: Old English Hexateuch (imperfect), comprising Ælfric’s preface (1r–v), Genesis (1v–72v), Exodus (72v–105v), Leviticus (105v–110v), Numbers (111r–128r), Deuteronomy (128v–140r) and Joshua (140v–156v)
British Library, MS Cotton Claudius B IV

Claudius B.iv. was probably compiled in the second quarter of the 11th century at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. It incorporates translations and a preface by Ælfric of Eynsham, while the remaining parts of the translation were carried out by anonymous authors. Peter Clemoes suggests that Byrhtferth of Ramsey was responsible for the compilation as well as for parts of the translation.



See also Anglo-Saxons in Prudentius' Psychomachia “Conflict Of The Soul”. Brit. Lib. MS Cotton Cleopatra C VIII, c.1000
11th century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers