The Morgan Crusader Bible of Louis IX or Maciejowski Bible or The Bible of Shah Abbas

Folio 34 verso



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Slaughter of the Amalekites:
David finds the Amalekites feasting in a field. The thieves are caught unawares and butchered. All of the captives are recovered; David himself cuts the fetters from the wrists of one of his wives. One of David's company cleaves the skull of an enemy with a sword bearing the inscription 'ODISMORT' (hatred, death), a declaration of the weapon's deadly efficacy. (1 Kings 30:1619)

Saul's Last Stand:
At Mount Gilboa, Saul makes his final stand against the Philistines. The enemy destroys the king's army and kills his three sons, among them, Jonathan. As the advancing Philistines hack through fleeing Israelite horsemen, bowmen take aim at the king and grievously wound him. Saul turns for one final look at his attackers and shamefully falls on his own sword. One of the Philistines wields a blade inscribed 'IOIOUSE' ('Joyous'), the name of Charlemagne's sword in the Song of Roland. (1 Kings 31:16)



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Death of Saul at the Battle of Mount Gilboa in the 11th century Roda Bible
Death of Saul at the Battle of Mount Gilboa in the 12th century Winchester Bible
Death of Saul at the Battle of Mount Gilboa in the Navarre Picture Bible, Pamplona, Spain, 1197AD