Illustrations from

Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César

Saint-Jean-d'Acre, Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, between 1260 and 1270

Dijon - Bibliothèque Municipale - ms. 0562


f172v Bataille de l'Hydaspes,
Battle of the Hydaspes

f190 Bataille entre l'armée de Pyrrhus et les Romains,
Battle between the army of Pyrrhus and the Romans

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Folios 172v & 190 are referenced as figure 273 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
273. Manuscript, "Army of King Porus of India," Histoire Universelle, late 13th century AD, Crusader States, Bib, Munic., Ms. 562(323), ff. 172v and 190, Dijon (Bucht).
pp70-71: Crusader chronicles seen to indicate that some of Islam's foes were quite impressed by these armour-smashing weapons, particularly those described as bristling with "sharp teeth".11 Those may well correspond to the serrated latt maces of the late Fātimid, and subsequent Ayyābid Middle East.12 These had earlier been recorded in the hands of ex-ʿAbbāsid ghulams operating in Syria late in the 10th century.13 All this evidence could suggest, if tentatively, that these more sophisticated forms of mace reached the Fertile Crescent and Egypt from Iran or even further east.
    Much the some situation is to be found in the 13th century, with a similar variety of weapons being even in similar regions of the Muslim world (Figs. 260, 273, 274, 295, 301, 319, 324, 392, 408 and 651).

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